Energy & Climate: Revision of Energy Taxation Directive
Published: 11 May 2021
Policies & Issues: Energy & Climate
Europe’s technology industries, represented by Orgalim, welcome the upcoming revision of the Energy Taxation Directive 2003/96/EC (henceforth the Directive). To align the taxation of energy products and electricity with EU energy and climate policies we recommend addressing the following issues:
The revision should reduce the possibility of favouring fossil fuels via tax reductions, exemptions, and rebates. Currently the Directive de facto favours fossil fuels consumption.
The minimum tax rate of an energy product should be based on the amount of greenhouse gases emitted.
Incentives for alternative energy sources, such as clean hydrogen and sustainable biofuels, should be introduced. To reach the levels of renewable energy needed for the transition, taxation of renewable energy (e.g. electricity) needs to be reduced.
The Directive should not tax GHG emissions if these are already covered by the carbon price of the EU ETS.
A universal carbon price on energy carriers, taking into account the entire process in the case of synthetic carbon neutral fuels, should be established. There should be no artificial overall increase in price, but a reallocation according to the climate-damaging effect of the energy source. An economically revenue neutral price should be set instead of an additional burden for all, which creates a market-based incentive for low carbon and carbon neutral energy carriers.
The 17 year-old Directive should be updated to support the transition towards climate neutrality, in order to better address environmental concerns such as air pollution and take into account the changed energy mix with a higher share of renewables and electricity.
To read our recommendations in detail, please download the position paper above.
Adviser - Energy and Environment